typescript 实现浏览器全屏

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最近后台项目需要一个"全屏"的按钮, github了下, 发现都仅仅支持"开启全屏", 而没有"切换"/"监听全屏状态"等功能, 所以打算自己写一个(主要代码量不大, 嘿嘿).

 

写代码之前说说逻辑

所有现代浏览器(>IE11)都提供了"全屏"的api,只是不同浏览器有不同的api(基本就是前缀不同), 所以我们要做的就是判断浏览器, 然后执行正确的api.

  1. 判断当前浏览器支持的前缀, 比如"webkit".
  2. 根据前缀得出我们需要的4个api的名字.
  3. 通过api实现"全屏"/"退出"/"切换"/"监听".

 

代码

首先我发现ts自带的声明中, 对webkit或moz开头的这种api并没有声明类型, 所以我们需要自己补充一下.

不然ts会提示找不到对应的方法.
技术图片

知识点: 在自己的.d.ts文件中可以对ts系统自带的interface进行声明合并(扩展).

// global.d.ts interface htmlElement { // 进入全屏 webkitRequestFullscreen(options?: FullscreenOptions): Promise<void>; webkitRequestFullScreen(options?: FullscreenOptions): Promise<void>; msRequestFullscreen(options?: FullscreenOptions): Promise<void>; mozRequestFullScreen(options?: FullscreenOptions): Promise<void>; // 监听全屏 onwebkitfullscreenchange: ((this: Element, ev: Event) => any) | null; onmozfullscreenchange: ((this: Element, ev: Event) => any) | null; MSFullscreenChange: ((this: Element, ev: Event) => any) | null; } interface Document { // 当前全屏的元素 readonly webkitFullscreenElement: Element | null; readonly msFullscreenElement: Element | null; readonly mozFullScreenElement: Element | null; // 退出全屏 webkitExitFullscreen(): Promise<void>; msExitFullscreen(): Promise<void>; mozCancelFullScreen(): Promise<void>; }

提示: requestFullscreen(options?: FullscreenOptions): Promise<void>;可以在node_modules/typescript/lib/lib.dom.d.ts中找到.

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功能实现

功能其实很简单, 我都写了注释, 就不过分解读了, 好了看实现代码:

type RFSMethodName = ‘webkitRequestFullScreen‘ | ‘requestFullscreen‘ | ‘msRequestFullscreen‘ | ‘mozRequestFullScreen‘; type EFSMethodName = ‘webkitExitFullscreen‘ | ‘msExitFullscreen‘ | ‘mozCancelFullScreen‘ | ‘exitFullscreen‘; type FSEPropName = ‘webkitFullscreenElement‘ | ‘msFullscreenElement‘ | ‘mozFullScreenElement‘ | ‘fullscreenElement‘; type ONFSCPropName = ‘onfullscreenchange‘ | ‘onwebkitfullscreenchange‘ | ‘onmozfullscreenchange‘ | ‘MSFullscreenChange‘; /** * caniuse * https://caniuse.com/#search=Fullscreen * 参考 MDN, 并不确定是否有o前缀的, 暂时不加入 * https://developer.mozilla.org/zh-CN/docs/Web/API/Element/requestFullscreen * 各个浏览器 * https://www.wikimoe.com/?post=82 */ const DOC_EL = document.documentElement; let RFC_METHOD_NAME: RFSMethodName = ‘requestFullscreen‘; let EFS_METHOD_NAME: EFSMethodName = ‘exitFullscreen‘; let FSE_PROP_NAME: FSEPropName = ‘fullscreenElement‘; let ON_FSC_PROP_NAME: ONFSCPropName = ‘onfullscreenchange‘; if (`webkitRequestFullScreen` in DOC_EL) { RFC_METHOD_NAME = ‘webkitRequestFullScreen‘; EFS_METHOD_NAME = ‘webkitExitFullscreen‘; FSE_PROP_NAME = ‘webkitFullscreenElement‘; ON_FSC_PROP_NAME = ‘onwebkitfullscreenchange‘; } else if (`msRequestFullscreen` in DOC_EL) { RFC_METHOD_NAME = ‘msRequestFullscreen‘; EFS_METHOD_NAME = ‘msExitFullscreen‘; FSE_PROP_NAME = ‘msFullscreenElement‘; ON_FSC_PROP_NAME = ‘MSFullscreenChange‘; } else if (`mozRequestFullScreen` in DOC_EL) { RFC_METHOD_NAME = ‘mozRequestFullScreen‘; EFS_METHOD_NAME = ‘mozCancelFullScreen‘; FSE_PROP_NAME = ‘mozFullScreenElement‘; ON_FSC_PROP_NAME = ‘onmozfullscreenchange‘; } else if (!(`requestFullscreen` in DOC_EL)) { throw `当前浏览器不支持Fullscreen API !`; } /** * 启用全屏 * @param {htmlElement} 元素 * @param {FullscreenOptions} 选项 * @returns {Promise} */ export function beFull(el: HTMLElement = DOC_EL, options?: FullscreenOptions): Promise<void> { return el[RFC_METHOD_NAME](options); } /** * 退出全屏 */ export function exitFull(): Promise<void> { return document[EFS_METHOD_NAME](); } /** * 元素是否全屏 * @param {HTMLElement} */ export function isFull(el: HTMLElement | EventTarget): boolean { return el === document[FSE_PROP_NAME] } /** * 切换全屏/关闭 * @param {HTMLElement} 目标元素 * @returns {Promise} */ export function toggleFull(el: HTMLElement = DOC_EL, options?: FullscreenOptions): Promise<void> { if (isFull(el)) { return exitFull(); } else { return beFull(el, options) } } /** * 当全屏/退出时触发 * @param {HTMLElement} 元素 * @param {(isFull: boolean) => void} 返回"是否全屏" */ export function watchFull(el: HTMLElement, callback: (isFull: boolean) => void) { const cancel = () => { el.onfullscreenchange = null; }; const handler = (event: Event) => { if (null !== event.target) { callback(isFull(event.target)); } } // 这里addEventListener不好使 el[ON_FSC_PROP_NAME] = handler; return { cancel } }

typescript 实现浏览器全屏

标签:资源   eth   code   dom   module   document   call   pes   request   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/xiaonian8/p/14124421.html

版权声明:完美者 发表于 2020-12-17 12:47:03。
转载请注明:typescript 实现浏览器全屏 | 完美导航

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