RocketMQ(六):nameserver队列存储定位解析

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  在rocketmq中,nameserver充当了一个配置管理者的角色,看起来好似不太重要。然而它是一个不或缺的角色,没有了它的存在,各个broker就是一盘散沙,各自为战。

  所以,实际上,在rocketmq中,nameserver也是一个领导者的角色。它可以决定哪个消息存储到哪里,哪个broker干活或者上下线,在出现异常情况时,它要能够及时处理。以便让整个团队发挥应有的作用。nameserver相当于一个分布式系统的协调者。但是这个名字,是不是看起来很熟悉?请看后续!

 

1. 为什么会有nameserver?

  如文章开头所说,nameserver担任的,差不多是一个系统协调者这么个角色。那么,我们知道,在分布式协调工作方面,有很多现成的组件可用。比如 zookeeper, 那么为什么还要自己搞一套nameserver出来?是为了刷存在感?

  对于为什么不选择zk之类的组件实现协调者角色,初衷如何我们不得而知。但至少有几个可知答案可以做下支撑:(以zk为例)

    1. zk存在大量的集群间通信;
    2. zk是一个比较重的组件,而本身就作为消息中间的mq,则最好不好另外再依赖其他组件;(个人感觉)
    3. zk对于数据的固化能力比较弱,配置往往受限于zk的数据格式;

  总体来说,可能就是rocketmq想要做的功能在zk上不太好做,或者做起来也费劲,或者太重,索性就不要搞了。自己搞一个完全定制化的好了。事实上,rocketmq的nameserver也实现得相当简单轻量。这也是设计者的初衷吧。

 

2. nameserver的启动流程解析

  一般地,一个框架级别的服务启动,还是有些复杂的,那样的话,我们懒得去看其具体过程。但前面说了,nameserver实现得非常轻量级,所以,其启动也就相当简单。所以,我们可以快速一览其过程。

  整个nameserver的启动类是 org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.NamesrvStartup, 工作过程大致如下:

    // 入口main
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        main0(args);
    }

    public static NamesrvController main0(String[] args) {
        try {
            // 创建本服务的核心控制器, 解析各种配置参数,默认值之类的
            NamesrvController controller = createNamesrvController(args);
            // 开启服务, 如打开
            start(controller);
            String tip = "The Name Server boot success. serializeType=" + RemotingCommand.getSerializeTypeConfigInThisServer();
            log.info(tip);
            System.out.printf("%s%n", tip);
            return controller;
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.exit(-1);
        }

        return null;
    }

  所以整个启动过程,基本就是一个 Controller 搞定了,你说不简单吗?额,也许不一定!整个创建 Controller 的过程就是解析参数的过程,有兴趣可以打开如下代码看看:

技术图片

    public static NamesrvController createNamesrvController(String[] args) throws IOException, JoranException {
        System.setProperty(RemotingCommand.REMOTING_VERSION_KEY, Integer.toString(MQVersion.CURRENT_VERSION));
        //PackageConflictDetect.detectFastjson();

        Options options = ServerUtil.buildCommandlineOptions(new Options());
        commandLine = ServerUtil.parseCmdLine("mqnamesrv", args, buildCommandlineOptions(options), new PosixParser());
        if (null == commandLine) {
            System.exit(-1);
            return null;
        }

        final NamesrvConfig namesrvConfig = new NamesrvConfig();
        final NettyServerConfig nettyServerConfig = new NettyServerConfig();
        nettyServerConfig.setListenPort(9876);
        // -c xx.properties 用于指定配置文件,优先级较低
        if (commandLine.hasOption(‘c‘)) {
            String file = commandLine.getOptionValue(‘c‘);
            if (file != null) {
                InputStream in = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(file));
                properties = new Properties();
                properties.load(in);
                MixAll.properties2Object(properties, namesrvConfig);
                MixAll.properties2Object(properties, nettyServerConfig);

                namesrvConfig.setConfigStorePath(file);

                System.out.printf("load config properties file OK, %s%n", file);
                in.close();
            }
        }
        // -p 仅为打印查看启动参数
        if (commandLine.hasOption(‘p‘)) {
            InternalLogger console = InternalLoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggerName.NAMESRV_CONSOLE_NAME);
            MixAll.printObjectProperties(console, namesrvConfig);
            MixAll.printObjectProperties(console, nettyServerConfig);
            System.exit(0);
        }

        MixAll.properties2Object(ServerUtil.commandLine2Properties(commandLine), namesrvConfig);

        if (null == namesrvConfig.getRocketmqHome()) {
            System.out.printf("Please set the %s variable in your environment to match the location of the RocketMQ installation%n", MixAll.ROCKETMQ_HOME_ENV);
            System.exit(-2);
        }

        LoggerContext lc = (LoggerContext) LoggerFactory.getILoggerFactory();
        JoranConfigurator configurator = new JoranConfigurator();
        configurator.setContext(lc);
        lc.reset();
        configurator.doConfigure(namesrvConfig.getRocketmqHome() + "/conf/logback_namesrv.xml");

        log = InternalLoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggerName.NAMESRV_LOGGER_NAME);

        MixAll.printObjectProperties(log, namesrvConfig);
        MixAll.printObjectProperties(log, nettyServerConfig);
        // 将配置参数传入controller构造实例
        final NamesrvController controller = new NamesrvController(namesrvConfig, nettyServerConfig);

        // remember all configs to prevent discard
        controller.getConfiguration().registerConfig(properties);

        return controller;
    }
    // Controller 构造方法
    // org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.NamesrvController#NamesrvController
    public NamesrvController(NamesrvConfig namesrvConfig, NettyServerConfig nettyServerConfig) {
        this.namesrvConfig = namesrvConfig;
        this.nettyServerConfig = nettyServerConfig;
        this.kvConfigManager = new KVConfigManager(this);
        this.routeInfoManager = new RouteInfoManager();
        this.brokerHousekeepingService = new BrokerHousekeepingService(this);
        this.configuration = new Configuration(
            log,
            this.namesrvConfig, this.nettyServerConfig
        );
        this.configuration.setStorePathFromConfig(this.namesrvConfig, "configStorePath");
    }
    // org.apache.rocketmq.common.Configuration#registerConfig
    /**
     * register config properties
     *
     * @return the current Configuration object
     */
    public Configuration registerConfig(Properties extProperties) {
        if (extProperties == null) {
            return this;
        }

        try {
            readWriteLock.writeLock().lockInterruptibly();

            try {
                merge(extProperties, this.allConfigs);
            } finally {
                readWriteLock.writeLock().unlock();
            }
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            log.error("register lock error. {}" + extProperties);
        }

        return this;
    }
    

View Code

  接下来,我们主要来看看这start()过程到底如何,复杂性必然都在这里了。

    // org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.NamesrvStartup#start
    public static NamesrvController start(final NamesrvController controller) throws Exception {

        if (null == controller) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("NamesrvController is null");
        }
        // 初始化controller各环境,如果失败,则退出启动
        boolean initResult = controller.initialize();
        if (!initResult) {
            controller.shutdown();
            System.exit(-3);
        }
        // 注册一个关闭钩子
        Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new ShutdownHookThread(log, new Callable<Void>() {
            @Override
            public Void call() throws Exception {
                controller.shutdown();
                return null;
            }
        }));
        // 核心start()方法
        controller.start();

        return controller;
    }
    // org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.NamesrvController#initialize
    public boolean initialize() {

        this.kvConfigManager.load();

        this.remotingServer = new NettyRemotingServer(this.nettyServerConfig, this.brokerHousekeepingService);

        this.remotingExecutor =
            Executors.newFixedThreadPool(nettyServerConfig.getServerWorkerThreads(), new ThreadFactoryImpl("RemotingExecutorThread_"));
        // 注册处理器
        this.registerProcessor();
        // 启动后台扫描线程,扫描掉线的broker
        this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {

            @Override
            public void run() {
                NamesrvController.this.routeInfoManager.scanNotActiveBroker();
            }
        }, 5, 10, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        // 打印日志定时任务
        this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {

            @Override
            public void run() {
                NamesrvController.this.kvConfigManager.printAllPeriodically();
            }
        }, 1, 10, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

        if (TlsSystemConfig.tlsMode != TlsMode.DISABLED) {
            // Register a listener to reload SslContext
            try {
                fileWatchService = new FileWatchService(
                    new String[] {
                        TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerCertPath,
                        TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerKeyPath,
                        TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerTrustCertPath
                    },
                    new FileWatchService.Listener() {
                        boolean certChanged, keyChanged = false;
                        @Override
                        public void onChanged(String path) {
                            if (path.equals(TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerTrustCertPath)) {
                                log.info("The trust certificate changed, reload the ssl context");
                                reloadServerSslContext();
                            }
                            if (path.equals(TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerCertPath)) {
                                certChanged = true;
                            }
                            if (path.equals(TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerKeyPath)) {
                                keyChanged = true;
                            }
                            if (certChanged && keyChanged) {
                                log.info("The certificate and private key changed, reload the ssl context");
                                certChanged = keyChanged = false;
                                reloadServerSslContext();
                            }
                        }
                        private void reloadServerSslContext() {
                            ((NettyRemotingServer) remotingServer).loadSslContext();
                        }
                    });
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.warn("FileWatchService created error, can‘t load the certificate dynamically");
            }
        }
        // no false
        return true;
    }
    private void registerProcessor() {
        if (namesrvConfig.isClusterTest()) {

            this.remotingServer.registerDefaultProcessor(new ClusterTestRequestProcessor(this, namesrvConfig.getProductEnvName()),
                this.remotingExecutor);
        } else {
            // 只会有一个处理器处理业务
            this.remotingServer.registerDefaultProcessor(new DefaultRequestProcessor(this), this.remotingExecutor);
        }
    }
    
    // 初始化完成后,接下来是 start() 方法
    // org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.NamesrvController#start
    public void start() throws Exception {
        // 开启后台端口服务,nameserver可连接
        this.remotingServer.start();
        // 文件检测线程
        if (this.fileWatchService != null) {
            this.fileWatchService.start();
        }
    }

  可见,controller的启动过程也非常简单,就是设置好各初始实例,注册处理器,然后将tcp端口打开,即可。其中端口服务是使用netty作为通信组件,其操作完全遵从netty编程范式。可自行查阅。

技术图片

    @Override
    public void start() {
        this.defaultEventExecutorGroup = new DefaultEventExecutorGroup(
            nettyServerConfig.getServerWorkerThreads(),
            new ThreadFactory() {

                private AtomicInteger threadIndex = new AtomicInteger(0);

                @Override
                public Thread newThread(Runnable r) {
                    return new Thread(r, "NettyServerCodecThread_" + this.threadIndex.incrementAndGet());
                }
            });

        prepareSharableHandlers();

        ServerBootstrap childHandler =
            this.serverBootstrap.group(this.eventLoopGroupBoss, this.eventLoopGroupSelector)
                .channel(useEpoll() ? EpollServerSocketChannel.class : NioServerSocketChannel.class)
                .option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 1024)
                .option(ChannelOption.SO_REUSEADDR, true)
                .option(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, false)
                .childOption(ChannelOption.TCP_NODELAY, true)
                .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_SNDBUF, nettyServerConfig.getServerSocketSndBufSize())
                .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_RCVBUF, nettyServerConfig.getServerSocketRcvBufSize())
                .localAddress(new InetSocketAddress(this.nettyServerConfig.getListenPort()))
                .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                    @Override
                    public void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                        ch.pipeline()
                            .addLast(defaultEventExecutorGroup, HANDSHAKE_HANDLER_NAME, handshakeHandler)
                            .addLast(defaultEventExecutorGroup,
                                encoder,
                                new NettyDecoder(),
                                new IdleStateHandler(0, 0, nettyServerConfig.getServerChannelMaxIdleTimeSeconds()),
                                connectionManageHandler,
                                serverHandler
                            );
                    }
                });

        if (nettyServerConfig.isServerPooledByteBufAllocatorEnable()) {
            childHandler.childOption(ChannelOption.ALLOCATOR, PooledByteBufAllocator.DEFAULT);
        }

        try {
            ChannelFuture sync = this.serverBootstrap.bind().sync();
            InetSocketAddress addr = (InetSocketAddress) sync.channel().localAddress();
            this.port = addr.getPort();
        } catch (InterruptedException e1) {
            throw new RuntimeException("this.serverBootstrap.bind().sync() InterruptedException", e1);
        }

        if (this.channelEventListener != null) {
            this.nettyEventExecutor.start();
        }

        this.timer.scheduleAtFixedRate(new TimerTask() {

            @Override
            public void run() {
                try {
                    NettyRemotingServer.this.scanResponseTable();
                } catch (Throwable e) {
                    log.error("scanResponseTable exception", e);
                }
            }
        }, 1000 * 3, 1000);
    }
    

View Code

  至此,nameserver的启动流程就完成了,果然是轻量级。至于其提供什么样的服务,我们下一节再讲。

 

3. nameserver 业务处理框架

  因nameserver和broker一样,都共用了remoting模块的代码,即都依赖于netty的handler处理机制。所以其处理器入口都是一样的。反正最终都是找到对应的processor, 然后处理业务即可。此处,nameserver只会提供一个默认的处理器,即DefaultRequestProcessor。所以,只需了解其processRequest()即可知nameserver的整体能力了。

    // org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.processor.DefaultRequestProcessor#processRequest
    @Override
    public RemotingCommand processRequest(ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
        RemotingCommand request) throws RemotingCommandException {

        if (ctx != null) {
            log.debug("receive request, {} {} {}",
                request.getCode(),
                RemotingHelper.parseChannelRemoteAddr(ctx.channel()),
                request);
        }

        switch (request.getCode()) {
            case RequestCode.PUT_KV_CONFIG:
                return this.putKVConfig(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_KV_CONFIG:
                return this.getKVConfig(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.DELETE_KV_CONFIG:
                return this.deleteKVConfig(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.QUERY_DATA_VERSION:
                return queryBrokerTopicConfig(ctx, request);
            // 注册broker信息,这种操作一般是在broker启动的时候进行请求
            case RequestCode.REGISTER_BROKER:
                Version brokerVersion = MQVersion.value2Version(request.getVersion());
                if (brokerVersion.ordinal() >= MQVersion.Version.V3_0_11.ordinal()) {
                    return this.registerBrokerWithFilterServer(ctx, request);
                } else {
                    return this.registerBroker(ctx, request);
                }
            // 下线broker
            case RequestCode.UNREGISTER_BROKER:
                return this.unregisterBroker(ctx, request);
            // 获取路由信息,即哪个topic存在于哪些broker上,哪些messageQueue在哪里等
            case RequestCode.GET_ROUTEINFO_BY_TOPIC:
                return this.getRouteInfoByTopic(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_BROKER_CLUSTER_INFO:
                return this.getBrokerClusterInfo(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.WIPE_WRITE_PERM_OF_BROKER:
                return this.wipeWritePermOfBroker(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_ALL_TOPIC_LIST_FROM_NAMESERVER:
                return getAllTopicListFromNameserver(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.DELETE_TOPIC_IN_NAMESRV:
                return deleteTopicInNamesrv(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_KVLIST_BY_NAMESPACE:
                return this.getKVListByNamespace(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_TOPICS_BY_CLUSTER:
                return this.getTopicsByCluster(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_SYSTEM_TOPIC_LIST_FROM_NS:
                return this.getSystemTopicListFromNs(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_UNIT_TOPIC_LIST:
                return this.getUnitTopicList(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_HAS_UNIT_SUB_TOPIC_LIST:
                return this.getHasUnitSubTopicList(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_HAS_UNIT_SUB_UNUNIT_TOPIC_LIST:
                return this.getHasUnitSubUnUnitTopicList(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.UPDATE_NAMESRV_CONFIG:
                return this.updateConfig(ctx, request);
            case RequestCode.GET_NAMESRV_CONFIG:
                return this.getConfig(ctx, request);
            default:
                break;
        }
        return null;
    }

  以上就是整个nameserver提供的服务列表了,也没啥注释,见字如悟吧,我们也不想过多纠缠。但总体上,其处理的业务类型并不多,主要有三类:

    1. 配置信息kv的操作;
    2. broker上下线管理操作;
    3. topic路由信息管理服务;

  各自实现当然是按照业务处理,本无需多说,但为了解概要,我们还是挑一个重点来说说吧:broker的上线处理注册:

    // 为保持前沿起见,咱们以高版本服务展开思路(即版本大于3.0.11)
    public RemotingCommand registerBrokerWithFilterServer(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, RemotingCommand request)
        throws RemotingCommandException {
        final RemotingCommand response = RemotingCommand.createResponseCommand(RegisterBrokerResponseHeader.class);
        final RegisterBrokerResponseHeader responseHeader = (RegisterBrokerResponseHeader) response.readCustomHeader();
        final RegisterBrokerRequestHeader requestHeader =
            (RegisterBrokerRequestHeader) request.decodeCommandCustomHeader(RegisterBrokerRequestHeader.class);

        if (!checksum(ctx, request, requestHeader)) {
            response.setCode(ResponseCode.SYSTEM_ERROR);
            response.setRemark("crc32 not match");
            return response;
        }

        RegisterBrokerBody registerBrokerBody = new RegisterBrokerBody();

        if (request.getBody() != null) {
            try {
                registerBrokerBody = RegisterBrokerBody.decode(request.getBody(), requestHeader.isCompressed());
            } catch (Exception e) {
                throw new RemotingCommandException("Failed to decode RegisterBrokerBody", e);
            }
        } else {
            registerBrokerBody.getTopicConfigSerializeWrapper().getDataVersion().setCounter(new AtomicLong(0));
            registerBrokerBody.getTopicConfigSerializeWrapper().getDataVersion().setTimestamp(0);
        }
        // 重点实现: registerBroker
        RegisterBrokerResult result = this.namesrvController.getRouteInfoManager().registerBroker(
            requestHeader.getClusterName(),
            requestHeader.getBrokerAddr(),
            requestHeader.getBrokerName(),
            requestHeader.getBrokerId(),
            requestHeader.getHaServerAddr(),
            registerBrokerBody.getTopicConfigSerializeWrapper(),
            registerBrokerBody.getFilterServerList(),
            ctx.channel());

        responseHeader.setHaServerAddr(result.getHaServerAddr());
        responseHeader.setMasterAddr(result.getMasterAddr());

        byte[] jsonValue = this.namesrvController.getKvConfigManager().getKVListByNamespace(NamesrvUtil.NAMESPACE_ORDER_TOPIC_CONFIG);
        response.setBody(jsonValue);

        response.setCode(ResponseCode.SUCCESS);
        response.setRemark(null);
        return response;
    }
    // org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.routeinfo.RouteInfoManager#registerBroker
    public RegisterBrokerResult registerBroker(
        final String clusterName,
        final String brokerAddr,
        final String brokerName,
        final long brokerId,
        final String haServerAddr,
        final TopicConfigSerializeWrapper topicConfigWrapper,
        final List<String> filterServerList,
        final Channel channel) {
        RegisterBrokerResult result = new RegisterBrokerResult();
        try {
            try {
                // 上锁更新各表数据
                this.lock.writeLock().lockInterruptibly();
                // 集群名表
                Set<String> brokerNames = this.clusterAddrTable.get(clusterName);
                if (null == brokerNames) {
                    brokerNames = new HashSet<String>();
                    this.clusterAddrTable.put(clusterName, brokerNames);
                }
                brokerNames.add(brokerName);

                boolean registerFirst = false;
                // broker详细信息表
                BrokerData brokerData = this.brokerAddrTable.get(brokerName);
                if (null == brokerData) {
                    registerFirst = true;
                    brokerData = new BrokerData(clusterName, brokerName, new HashMap<Long, String>());
                    this.brokerAddrTable.put(brokerName, brokerData);
                }
                Map<Long, String> brokerAddrsMap = brokerData.getBrokerAddrs();
                //Switch slave to master: first remove <1, IP:PORT> in namesrv, then add <0, IP:PORT>
                //The same IP:PORT must only have one record in brokerAddrTable
                Iterator<Entry<Long, String>> it = brokerAddrsMap.entrySet().iterator();
                while (it.hasNext()) {
                    Entry<Long, String> item = it.next();
                    if (null != brokerAddr && brokerAddr.equals(item.getValue()) && brokerId != item.getKey()) {
                        it.remove();
                    }
                }

                String oldAddr = brokerData.getBrokerAddrs().put(brokerId, brokerAddr);
                registerFirst = registerFirst || (null == oldAddr);

                if (null != topicConfigWrapper
                    && MixAll.MASTER_ID == brokerId) {
                    if (this.isBrokerTopicConfigChanged(brokerAddr, topicConfigWrapper.getDataVersion())
                        || registerFirst) {
                        // 首次注册或者topic变更,则更新topic信息
                        ConcurrentMap<String, TopicConfig> tcTable =
                            topicConfigWrapper.getTopicConfigTable();
                        if (tcTable != null) {
                            for (Map.Entry<String, TopicConfig> entry : tcTable.entrySet()) {
                                this.createAndUpdateQueueData(brokerName, entry.getValue());
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                // 存活的broker信息表
                BrokerLiveInfo prevBrokerLiveInfo = this.brokerLiveTable.put(brokerAddr,
                    new BrokerLiveInfo(
                        System.currentTimeMillis(),
                        topicConfigWrapper.getDataVersion(),
                        channel,
                        haServerAddr));
                if (null == prevBrokerLiveInfo) {
                    log.info("new broker registered, {} HAServer: {}", brokerAddr, haServerAddr);
                }

                if (filterServerList != null) {
                    if (filterServerList.isEmpty()) {
                        this.filterServerTable.remove(brokerAddr);
                    } else {
                        this.filterServerTable.put(brokerAddr, filterServerList);
                    }
                }
                // slave节点注册需绑定masterAddr 返回
                if (MixAll.MASTER_ID != brokerId) {
                    String masterAddr = brokerData.getBrokerAddrs().get(MixAll.MASTER_ID);
                    if (masterAddr != null) {
                        BrokerLiveInfo brokerLiveInfo = this.brokerLiveTable.get(masterAddr);
                        if (brokerLiveInfo != null) {
                            result.setHaServerAddr(brokerLiveInfo.getHaServerAddr());
                            result.setMasterAddr(masterAddr);
                        }
                    }
                }
            } finally {
                this.lock.writeLock().unlock();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("registerBroker Exception", e);
        }

        return result;
    }

  好吧,是不是很抽象。没关系,能知道大概意思就行了。大体上就是broker上线了,nameserver需要知道这些事,要把这信息加入到各表项中,以备将来使用。具体理解我们应该要从业务性质出发才能透彻。反正就和咱们平时写业务代码并无二致。

 

4. topic存储位置策略

  nameserver除了有注册broker的核心作用外,还有一个非常核心的作用就是,为各消费者或生产者提供各topic信息所在位置。这个位置决定了数据如何存储以及如何访问问题,只要这个决策出问题,则整个集群的可靠性就无法保证了。所以,这个点需要我们深入理解下。

  在kafka中,其存储策略是和shard强相关的,一个topic分配了多少shard就决定了它可以存储到几个机器节点上,即kafka是以shard作为粒度分配存储的。

  但rocketmq中则不太一样,类似的概念有:topic是最外层的存储,而messageQueue则是内一层的存储,它是否是按照topic存储或者按照msgQueue存在呢?实际上,在官方文档中,已经描述清楚了: Broker 在实际部署过程中对应一台服务器,每个 Broker 可以存储多个Topic的消息,每个Topic的消息也可以分片存储于不同的 Broker。Message Queue 用于存储消息的物理地址,每个Topic中的消息地址存储于多个 Message Queue 中。

  即rocketmq中是以message queue作为最细粒度的存储的,实际上这基本无悬念,因为分布式存储需要。(试想以topic为存储粒度会带来多少问题就知道了)

  那么,它又是如何划分哪个message queue存储在哪里的呢?

    // RequestCode.GET_ROUTEINFO_BY_TOPIC
    public RemotingCommand getRouteInfoByTopic(ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
        RemotingCommand request) throws RemotingCommandException {
        final RemotingCommand response = RemotingCommand.createResponseCommand(null);
        final GetRouteInfoRequestHeader requestHeader =
            (GetRouteInfoRequestHeader) request.decodeCommandCustomHeader(GetRouteInfoRequestHeader.class);
        // 获取topic路由信息
        TopicRouteData topicRouteData = this.namesrvController.getRouteInfoManager().pickupTopicRouteData(requestHeader.getTopic());

        if (topicRouteData != null) {
            // 顺序消费配置
            if (this.namesrvController.getNamesrvConfig().isOrderMessageEnable()) {
                String orderTopicConf =
                    this.namesrvController.getKvConfigManager().getKVConfig(NamesrvUtil.NAMESPACE_ORDER_TOPIC_CONFIG,
                        requestHeader.getTopic());
                topicRouteData.setOrderTopicConf(orderTopicConf);
            }

            byte[] content = topicRouteData.encode();
            response.setBody(content);
            response.setCode(ResponseCode.SUCCESS);
            response.setRemark(null);
            return response;
        }

        response.setCode(ResponseCode.TOPIC_NOT_EXIST);
        response.setRemark("No topic route info in name server for the topic: " + requestHeader.getTopic()
            + FAQUrl.suggestTodo(FAQUrl.APPLY_TOPIC_URL));
        return response;
    }
    // org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.routeinfo.RouteInfoManager#pickupTopicRouteData
    public TopicRouteData pickupTopicRouteData(final String topic) {
        TopicRouteData topicRouteData = new TopicRouteData();
        boolean foundQueueData = false;
        boolean foundBrokerData = false;
        Set<String> brokerNameSet = new HashSet<String>();
        List<BrokerData> brokerDataList = new LinkedList<BrokerData>();
        topicRouteData.setBrokerDatas(brokerDataList);

        HashMap<String, List<String>> filterServerMap = new HashMap<String, List<String>>();
        topicRouteData.setFilterServerTable(filterServerMap);

        try {
            try {
                this.lock.readLock().lockInterruptibly();
                // 获取所有topic的messageQueue信息
                List<QueueData> queueDataList = this.topicQueueTable.get(topic);
                if (queueDataList != null) {
                    topicRouteData.setQueueDatas(queueDataList);
                    foundQueueData = true;

                    Iterator<QueueData> it = queueDataList.iterator();
                    while (it.hasNext()) {
                        QueueData qd = it.next();
                        brokerNameSet.add(qd.getBrokerName());
                    }
                    // 根据brokerName, 查找broker信息,如果没找到说明该broker可能已经下线,不能算在路由信息内
                    for (String brokerName : brokerNameSet) {
                        BrokerData brokerData = this.brokerAddrTable.get(brokerName);
                        if (null != brokerData) {
                            BrokerData brokerDataClone = new BrokerData(brokerData.getCluster(), brokerData.getBrokerName(), (HashMap<Long, String>) brokerData
                                .getBrokerAddrs().clone());
                            brokerDataList.add(brokerDataClone);
                            // 只要找到一个broker就可以进行路由处理
                            foundBrokerData = true;
                            for (final String brokerAddr : brokerDataClone.getBrokerAddrs().values()) {
                                List<String> filterServerList = this.filterServerTable.get(brokerAddr);
                                filterServerMap.put(brokerAddr, filterServerList);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            } finally {
                this.lock.readLock().unlock();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("pickupTopicRouteData Exception", e);
        }

        log.debug("pickupTopicRouteData {} {}", topic, topicRouteData);
        // 只有队列信息和broker信息都找到时,整个路由信息才可返回
        if (foundBrokerData && foundQueueData) {
            return topicRouteData;
        }

        return null;
    }
    // QueueData 作为路由信息的重要组成部分,其数据结构如下
public class QueueData implements Comparable<QueueData> {
    private String brokerName;
    private int readQueueNums;
    private int writeQueueNums;
    private int perm;
    private int topicSynFlag;
    ...
}
    // brokerData 数据结构如下
public class BrokerData implements Comparable<BrokerData> {
    private String cluster;
    private String brokerName;
    private HashMap<Long/* brokerId */, String/* broker address */> brokerAddrs;
    ...
}

  ok, 从上面的实现中,我们可以看到,查找路由信息,是根据topic进行查找的。而topic信息保存在 topicQueueTable 中。这里有个重要点是,整个路由查找过程,居然的queueId是无关的,那么它又是如何定位queueId所在的位置呢?另外,这个topicQueTable里的数据又是何时维护的呢?

  首先,对于topicQueueTable的维护,是在broker注册和解注册时维护的,这很好理解。

    // 也就前面看到的broker为master节点时的 createAndUpdateQueueData()
    private void createAndUpdateQueueData(final String brokerName, final TopicConfig topicConfig) {
        QueueData queueData = new QueueData();
        queueData.setBrokerName(brokerName);
        queueData.setWriteQueueNums(topicConfig.getWriteQueueNums());
        queueData.setReadQueueNums(topicConfig.getReadQueueNums());
        queueData.setPerm(topicConfig.getPerm());
        queueData.setTopicSynFlag(topicConfig.getTopicSysFlag());

        List<QueueData> queueDataList = this.topicQueueTable.get(topicConfig.getTopicName());
        // topic的首个broker
        if (null == queueDataList) {
            queueDataList = new LinkedList<QueueData>();
            queueDataList.add(queueData);
            this.topicQueueTable.put(topicConfig.getTopicName(), queueDataList);
            log.info("new topic registered, {} {}", topicConfig.getTopicName(), queueData);
        } else {
            boolean addNewOne = true;

            Iterator<QueueData> it = queueDataList.iterator();
            // 添加一个broker
            while (it.hasNext()) {
                QueueData qd = it.next();
                if (qd.getBrokerName().equals(brokerName)) {
                    if (qd.equals(queueData)) {
                        addNewOne = false;
                    } else {
                        log.info("topic changed, {} OLD: {} NEW: {}", topicConfig.getTopicName(), qd,
                            queueData);
                        it.remove();
                    }
                }
            }

            if (addNewOne) {
                queueDataList.add(queueData);
            }
        }
    }

  但针对queueId又是何时进行处理的呢?看起来nameserver不得而知。

  事实上,数据发送到哪个broker或从哪个broker上进行数据消费,是由各客户端根据策略决定的。比如在producer中是这样处理的:

    // org.apache.rocketmq.client.impl.producer.DefaultMQProducerImpl#sendDefaultImpl
    private SendResult sendDefaultImpl(
        Message msg,
        final CommunicationMode communicationMode,
        final SendCallback sendCallback,
        final long timeout
    ) throws MQClientException, RemotingException, MQBrokerException, InterruptedException {
        this.makeSureStateOK();
        Validators.checkMessage(msg, this.defaultMQProducer);
        final long invokeID = random.nextLong();
        long beginTimestampFirst = System.currentTimeMillis();
        long beginTimestampPrev = beginTimestampFirst;
        long endTimestamp = beginTimestampFirst;
        // 此处即是nameserver返回的路由信息,即可用的broker列表
        TopicPublishInfo topicPublishInfo = this.tryToFindTopicPublishInfo(msg.getTopic());
        if (topicPublishInfo != null && topicPublishInfo.ok()) {
            boolean callTimeout = false;
            MessageQueue mq = null;
            Exception exception = null;
            SendResult sendResult = null;
            int timesTotal = communicationMode == CommunicationMode.SYNC ? 1 + this.defaultMQProducer.getRetryTimesWhenSendFailed() : 1;
            int times = 0;
            String[] brokersSent = new String[timesTotal];
            for (; times < timesTotal; times++) {
                // 首次进入时,只是选择一个队列发送
                String lastBrokerName = null == mq ? null : mq.getBrokerName();
                MessageQueue mqSelected = this.selectOneMessageQueue(topicPublishInfo, lastBrokerName);
                if (mqSelected != null) {
                    mq = mqSelected;
                    brokersSent[times] = mq.getBrokerName();
                    try {
                        beginTimestampPrev = System.currentTimeMillis();
                        if (times > 0) {
                            //Reset topic with namespace during resend.
                            msg.setTopic(this.defaultMQProducer.withNamespace(msg.getTopic()));
                        }
                        long costTime = beginTimestampPrev - beginTimestampFirst;
                        if (timeout < costTime) {
                            callTimeout = true;
                            break;
                        }
                        // 向选择出来的messageQueue 发送消息数据
                        sendResult = this.sendKernelImpl(msg, mq, communicationMode, sendCallback, topicPublishInfo, timeout - costTime);
                        endTimestamp = System.currentTimeMillis();
                        this.updateFaultItem(mq.getBrokerName(), endTimestamp - beginTimestampPrev, false);
                        switch (communicationMode) {
                            case ASYNC:
                                return null;
                            case ONEWAY:
                                return null;
                            case SYNC:
                                if (sendResult.getSendStatus() != SendStatus.SEND_OK) {
                                    if (this.defaultMQProducer.isRetryAnotherBrokerWhenNotStoreOK()) {
                                        continue;
                                    }
                                }

                                return sendResult;
                            default:
                                break;
                        }
                    } catch (RemotingException e) 
                    ...
    }
    // org.apache.rocketmq.client.impl.producer.DefaultMQProducerImpl#selectOneMessageQueue
    public MessageQueue selectOneMessageQueue(final TopicPublishInfo tpInfo, final String lastBrokerName) {
        return this.mqFaultStrategy.selectOneMessageQueue(tpInfo, lastBrokerName);
    }
    // org.apache.rocketmq.client.latency.MQFaultStrategy#selectOneMessageQueue
    public MessageQueue selectOneMessageQueue(final TopicPublishInfo tpInfo, final String lastBrokerName) {
        // 容错处理,不影响策略理解
        if (this.sendLatencyFaultEnable) {
            try {
                int index = tpInfo.getSendWhichQueue().getAndIncrement();
                for (int i = 0; i < tpInfo.getMessageQueueList().size(); i++) {
                    int pos = Math.abs(index++) % tpInfo.getMessageQueueList().size();
                    if (pos < 0)
                        pos = 0;
                    MessageQueue mq = tpInfo.getMessageQueueList().get(pos);
                    if (latencyFaultTolerance.isAvailable(mq.getBrokerName())) {
                        if (null == lastBrokerName || mq.getBrokerName().equals(lastBrokerName))
                            return mq;
                    }
                }

                final String notBestBroker = latencyFaultTolerance.pickOneAtLeast();
                int writeQueueNums = tpInfo.getQueueIdByBroker(notBestBroker);
                if (writeQueueNums > 0) {
                    final MessageQueue mq = tpInfo.selectOneMessageQueue();
                    if (notBestBroker != null) {
                        mq.setBrokerName(notBestBroker);
                        mq.setQueueId(tpInfo.getSendWhichQueue().getAndIncrement() % writeQueueNums);
                    }
                    return mq;
                } else {
                    latencyFaultTolerance.remove(notBestBroker);
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.error("Error occurred when selecting message queue", e);
            }

            return tpInfo.selectOneMessageQueue();
        }

        return tpInfo.selectOneMessageQueue(lastBrokerName);
    }
    // org.apache.rocketmq.client.impl.producer.TopicPublishInfo#selectOneMessageQueue
    // 直接使用轮询的方式选择一个队列 
    public MessageQueue selectOneMessageQueue(final String lastBrokerName) {
        if (lastBrokerName == null) {
            // 任意选择一个messageQueue作为发送目标
            return selectOneMessageQueue();
        } else {
            int index = this.sendWhichQueue.getAndIncrement();
            // 最大尝试n次获取不一样的MQueue, 如仍然获取不到,则随便选择一个即可
            for (int i = 0; i < this.messageQueueList.size(); i++) {
                int pos = Math.abs(index++) % this.messageQueueList.size();
                if (pos < 0)
                    pos = 0;
                MessageQueue mq = this.messageQueueList.get(pos);
                if (!mq.getBrokerName().equals(lastBrokerName)) {
                    return mq;
                }
            }
            return selectOneMessageQueue();
        }
    }

  好了,通过上面的描述,我们大概知道了,一个消息要发送往消息server时,首先会根据topic找到所有可用的broker列表(nameserver提供),然后根据一个所谓策略选择一个MessageQueue,最后向这个MessageQueue发送数据即可。所以,这个MessageQueue是非常重要的,我们来看下其数据结构:

// org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageQueue
public class MessageQueue implements Comparable<MessageQueue>, Serializable {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 6191200464116433425L;
    private String topic;
    private String brokerName;
    private int queueId;
    ...
}

  这是非常之简洁啊,仅有主要的三个核心:topic(主题),brokerName(broker标识),queueId(队列id)。 

  前面提到的客户端策略,会选择一个MessageQueue, 即会得到一个broker标识,对应一个queueId。所以,数据存放在哪个broker,是由客户端决定的,且存放位置未知。也就是说,rocketmq中同一个topic的数据,是散乱存放在一堆broker中的。这是和我们通常的认知有一定差距的。

  这样设计有什么好处呢?好处自然是有的,比如假如其中有些broker挂掉了,那么整个集群无需经过什么再均衡策略,同样可以工作得很好,因为客户端可以直接向正常的broker发送消息即可。其他好处。。。

  但是我个人觉得这样的设计,也不见得很好,比如你不能够很确定地定位到某条消息在哪个broker上,完全无规律可循。另外,如果想在单queueId上保持一定的规则,则是不可能的(也许有其他曲线救国之法)。另外,对于queueId, 只是一个系统内部的概念,实际上用户并不能指定该值。

 

5. MessageQueue到底存在哪里?

  按照上面说的,一个topic数据可能被存放在n个broker中,且以messageQueue的queueId作为单独存储。那么,到底数据存放在哪里?所说的n个broker到底指哪几个broker?每个broker上到底存放了几个queueId?这些问题如果没有搞清楚,我们就无法说清楚这玩意。

  我们先来回答第1个问题,topic数据到底存放在几个broker中?回顾下前面broker的注册过程可知:

    // org.apache.rocketmq.namesrv.routeinfo.RouteInfoManager#registerBroker
    if (null != topicConfigWrapper
        && MixAll.MASTER_ID == brokerId) {
        if (this.isBrokerTopicConfigChanged(brokerAddr, topicConfigWrapper.getDataVersion())
            || registerFirst) {
            // 首次注册或者topic变更,则更新topic信息
            ConcurrentMap<String, TopicConfig> tcTable =
                topicConfigWrapper.getTopicConfigTable();
            if (tcTable != null) {
                // 遍历所有topic, 将当前新进的broker 加入到处理机器中
                for (Map.Entry<String, TopicConfig> entry : tcTable.entrySet()) {
                    this.createAndUpdateQueueData(brokerName, entry.getValue());
                }
            }
        }
    }

  看完这段,我们就明白了,原来所谓的n个broker可处理topic信息,实际上指的是所有broker啊!好吧,咱也不懂为啥这么干同,反正就是这么干了,topic可能分布在所有broker机器上。至于具体哪一台,你猜啊!

  接下来我们看第二个问题,一个broker到底存储了几个queueId的数据?实际上,我们稍微想想前面的实现,broker是指所有的broker,如果所有broker都是一样的配置,那么是不是应该让每个broker都存储所有queueId呢?(尽管没啥依据,还是可以想想的嘛)

  rocketmq的各客户端(生产者、消费者)每次向服务器发送生产或消费请求时,都可能向nameserver请求拉取路由信息,但这些信息从我们前面调查的结果来看,并不包含queueId信息。那么,后续又是如何转换为queueId的呢?实际上,就是在拉取了nameserver的路由信息之后,本地再做一次分配就可以了:

技术图片

    // 更新topic路由信息
    // org.apache.rocketmq.client.impl.producer.DefaultMQProducerImpl#tryToFindTopicPublishInfo
    private TopicPublishInfo tryToFindTopicPublishInfo(final String topic) {
        TopicPublishInfo topicPublishInfo = this.topicPublishInfoTable.get(topic);
        if (null == topicPublishInfo || !topicPublishInfo.ok()) {
            this.topicPublishInfoTable.putIfAbsent(topic, new TopicPublishInfo());
            this.mQClientFactory.updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer(topic);
            topicPublishInfo = this.topicPublishInfoTable.get(topic);
        }

        if (topicPublishInfo.isHaveTopicRouterInfo() || topicPublishInfo.ok()) {
            return topicPublishInfo;
        } else {
            // 从nameserver拉取路由数据
            this.mQClientFactory.updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer(topic, true, this.defaultMQProducer);
            topicPublishInfo = this.topicPublishInfoTable.get(topic);
            return topicPublishInfo;
        }
    }
    // org.apache.rocketmq.client.impl.factory.MQClientInstance#updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer
    public boolean updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer(final String topic, boolean isDefault,
        DefaultMQProducer defaultMQProducer) {
        try {
            if (this.lockNamesrv.tryLock(LOCK_TIMEOUT_MILLIS, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)) {
                try {
                    TopicRouteData topicRouteData;
                    if (isDefault && defaultMQProducer != null) {
                        topicRouteData = this.mQClientAPIImpl.getDefaultTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer(defaultMQProducer.getCreateTopicKey(),
                            1000 * 3);
                        if (topicRouteData != null) {
                            for (QueueData data : topicRouteData.getQueueDatas()) {
                                int queueNums = Math.min(defaultMQProducer.getDefaultTopicQueueNums(), data.getReadQueueNums());
                                data.setReadQueueNums(queueNums);
                                data.setWriteQueueNums(queueNums);
                            }
                        }
                    } else {
                        topicRouteData = this.mQClientAPIImpl.getTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer(topic, 1000 * 3);
                    }
                    if (topicRouteData != null) {
                        TopicRouteData old = this.topicRouteTable.get(topic);
                        boolean changed = topicRouteDataIsChange(old, topicRouteData);
                        if (!changed) {
                            changed = this.isNeedUpdateTopicRouteInfo(topic);
                        } else {
                            log.info("the topic[{}] route info changed, old[{}] ,new[{}]", topic, old, topicRouteData);
                        }

                        if (changed) {
                            TopicRouteData cloneTopicRouteData = topicRouteData.cloneTopicRouteData();

                            for (BrokerData bd : topicRouteData.getBrokerDatas()) {
                                this.brokerAddrTable.put(bd.getBrokerName(), bd.getBrokerAddrs());
                            }

                            // Update Pub info
                            {
                                // 为每个broker分配queueId
                                TopicPublishInfo publishInfo = topicRouteData2TopicPublishInfo(topic, topicRouteData);
                                publishInfo.setHaveTopicRouterInfo(true);
                                Iterator<Entry<String, MQProducerInner>> it = this.producerTable.entrySet().iterator();
                                while (it.hasNext()) {
                                    Entry<String, MQProducerInner> entry = it.next();
                                    MQProducerInner impl = entry.getValue();
                                    if (impl != null) {
                                        impl.updateTopicPublishInfo(topic, publishInfo);
                                    }
                                }
                            }

                            // Update sub info
                            {
                                Set<MessageQueue> subscribeInfo = topicRouteData2TopicSubscribeInfo(topic, topicRouteData);
                                Iterator<Entry<String, MQConsumerInner>> it = this.consumerTable.entrySet().iterator();
                                while (it.hasNext()) {
                                    Entry<String, MQConsumerInner> entry = it.next();
                                    MQConsumerInner impl = entry.getValue();
                                    if (impl != null) {
                                        impl.updateTopicSubscribeInfo(topic, subscribeInfo);
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                            log.info("topicRouteTable.put. Topic = {}, TopicRouteData[{}]", topic, cloneTopicRouteData);
                            this.topicRouteTable.put(topic, cloneTopicRouteData);
                            return true;
                        }
                    } else {
                        log.warn("updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer, getTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer return null, Topic: {}", topic);
                    }
                } catch (MQClientException e) {
                    if (!topic.startsWith(MixAll.RETRY_GROUP_TOPIC_PREFIX)) {
                        log.warn("updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer Exception", e);
                    }
                } catch (RemotingException e) {
                    log.error("updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer Exception", e);
                    throw new IllegalStateException(e);
                } finally {
                    this.lockNamesrv.unlock();
                }
            } else {
                log.warn("updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer tryLock timeout {}ms", LOCK_TIMEOUT_MILLIS);
            }
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            log.warn("updateTopicRouteInfoFromNameServer Exception", e);
        }

        return false;
    }

View Code

  生产者分配queueId的实现如下:

    // org.apache.rocketmq.client.impl.factory.MQClientInstance#topicRouteData2TopicPublishInfo
    public static TopicPublishInfo topicRouteData2TopicPublishInfo(final String topic, final TopicRouteData route) {
        TopicPublishInfo info = new TopicPublishInfo();
        info.setTopicRouteData(route);
        // 为每个broker指定queueId的分配情况(最大queueId)
        // 这样的配置不知道累不累
        if (route.getOrderTopicConf() != null && route.getOrderTopicConf().length() > 0) {
            String[] brokers = route.getOrderTopicConf().split(";");
            for (String broker : brokers) {
                String[] item = broker.split(":");
                int nums = Integer.parseInt(item[1]);
                for (int i = 0; i < nums; i++) {
                    MessageQueue mq = new MessageQueue(topic, item[0], i);
                    info.getMessageQueueList().add(mq);
                }
            }

            info.setOrderTopic(true);
        } else {
            List<QueueData> qds = route.getQueueDatas();
            Collections.sort(qds);
            for (QueueData qd : qds) {
                if (PermName.isWriteable(qd.getPerm())) {
                    BrokerData brokerData = null;
                    for (BrokerData bd : route.getBrokerDatas()) {
                        if (bd.getBrokerName().equals(qd.getBrokerName())) {
                            brokerData = bd;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    // 还是有broker无法处理queue哦
                    if (null == brokerData) {
                        continue;
                    }
                    // 非master节点不能接受写请求
                    if (!brokerData.getBrokerAddrs().containsKey(MixAll.MASTER_ID)) {
                        continue;
                    }
                    // 根据 writeQueueNums 数量,要求该broker接受所有小于该值的queueId
                    for (int i = 0; i < qd.getWriteQueueNums(); i++) {
                        MessageQueue mq = new MessageQueue(topic, qd.getBrokerName(), i);
                        info.getMessageQueueList().add(mq);
                    }
                }
            }

            info.setOrderTopic(false);
        }

        return info;
    }

  可以看出,生产者对应的broker中,负责写的broker只能是master节点,负责所有小于writeQueueNums的数据存储。(如果所有broker配置一样,则相当于所有broker都存储所有queueId),所以,这存储关系,可能是理不清楚了。

  我们再来看看消费者是如何对应queueId的呢?

    // org.apache.rocketmq.client.impl.factory.MQClientInstance#topicRouteData2TopicSubscribeInfo
    public static Set<MessageQueue> topicRouteData2TopicSubscribeInfo(final String topic, final TopicRouteData route) {
        Set<MessageQueue> mqList = new HashSet<MessageQueue>();
        List<QueueData> qds = route.getQueueDatas();
        for (QueueData qd : qds) {
            if (PermName.isReadable(qd.getPerm())) {
                // 可读取broker上对应的所有小于readQueueNums 的队列
                for (int i = 0; i < qd.getReadQueueNums(); i++) {
                    MessageQueue mq = new MessageQueue(topic, qd.getBrokerName(), i);
                    mqList.add(mq);
                }
            }
        }

        return mqList;
    }

  原理和生产者差不多,就是通过一个 readQueueNums 来限定读取的队列数,基本上就是等于所有队列了,原因可能是原本数据就存储了所有queueId,如果消费者不读取,又该谁来读取呢。

  

  好了,到此我们总算厘清了整个rocketmq的消息存储定位方式了。总结一句话就是:任何节点都可能有任意topic的任意queueId数据。这结果,不禁又让我有一种千头万绪的感觉!

  以上仅是一些正常的rocketmq数据存储的实现,只能算是皮毛。事实上,分布式系统中一个非常重要的能力是容错,这需要我们后续再聊。

RocketMQ(六):nameserver队列存储定位解析

标签:构造方法   目标   least   有一个   sum   period   roc   illegal   fail   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/yougewe/p/14128845.html

版权声明:完美者 发表于 2020-12-18 12:41:19。
转载请注明:RocketMQ(六):nameserver队列存储定位解析 | 完美导航

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